Topic outline

  • General

    SQG1603
    Lecturer : Nik Ahmad Nizam Bin Nik Malek

    Semester : Semester I 2010/2011
    Ph Rings

    Synopsis :

    This subject focuses on basic and fundamental theory in bio-organic chemistry. Bio-organic chemistry is the knowledge of organic chemistry for the biology major. The fundamental of organic chemistry is essential prior to understanding the biochemistry and biomolecules since each of biological compound comprise of organic molecules. An introduction of this subject includes fundamental of the framework of organic compounds and their functional groups. The topic on the basic structure of biological compounds such as proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acid and lipids is enclosed.

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    • Topic 1

      INTRODUCTION

      Why a biologist needs to learn and understand organic chemistry? Why organic chemistry is so important to the biologist? The answer on this issue is discussed in the first note (Introduction).


    • Topic 2

      INTRODUCTION TO BASIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
      • Characteristic features of organic compounds
      • Drawing organic compounds


    • Topic 3

      HYDROCARBON

      · Alkane

      o Classification

      o Nomenclature

      o Structural isomers

      o Physical properties

      · Alkene, alkyne and aromatic

      o Nomenclature

      o Geometric isomer

      o Reaction

      o Fundamental of conjugated system (benzene)


    • Topic 4

      FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
      ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN

      o List of Functional group

      o Naming, reaction and physical properties of

      o Alcohols

      o Ethers

      o Aldehydes and ketones

      o Carboxylic acis

      o Esters


    • Topic 5

      FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
      ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN

      o Naming, reaction and physical properties of

      o Amines

      o Amides


    • Topic 6

      FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
      OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

      o Alkyl halides

      o Thiols

      o Phosphate


    • Topic 7

      BASIC COMPOUNDS IN BIOMOLECULES
      AMINO ACIDS (PROTEIN)

      o Basic structure f amino acids

      o Functional group in amino acids

      o Enantiomer

      o Acid base behavior of amino acids


    • Topic 8

      BASIC COMPOUNDS IN BIOMOLECULES
      SACCHARIDES (CARBOHYDRATE)

      o Classification f monosaccharides

      o Enantiomer

      o Cyclic form


    • Topic 9

      BASIC COMPOUNDS IN BIOMOLECULES
      NUCLEIC ACIDS (DNA AND RNA)

      o Nucleoside

      o Monosaccharide

      o bases

      o Nucleotide


    • Topic 10

      BASIC COMPOUNDS IN BIOMOLECULES
      LIPIDS

      o Triacylglycerols

      o Fatty acids

      o Phospholipids

      o Phosphoacylglycerols